Finalist for outstanding Western book of 2019 by
the Center for the Study of the West at West Texas A&M University
|Purchase book||His names||1st exploration||2nd exploration|
What little is known about Esteban mostly comes from 16th-century Spanish chroniclers, plus early American writers. All wrote with a condescension toward the Moroccan slave that has carried over into history books -- if he's mentioned at all.
This biography emphasizes Esteban rather than the Spanish conquistadors. From a premier publisher of the Southwest, the University of New Mexico Press, this extensively researched biography restores a remarkable man to his proper role in history.
Almost all books, as well as some links below, declare Zunis killed Esteban in 1539, despite his death never being witnessed by Indians with Esteban or by any Europeans. Reports of such a death, in other words, are based on assumptions, speculation, and even just fiction for dramatic effect.
LINKS AND FURTHER READINGS